Self-monitoring of expressive behavior

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2157 Scopus citations


Proposes a social psychological construct of self-monitoring (self-observation and self-control guided by situational cues to social appropriateness) of expressive behavior and self-presentation. An internally consistent, temporally stable self-report measure of individual differences in self-monitoring was constructed. 4 converging laboratory and field studies of peer perception ratings, criterion group membership, self-control of facial and vocal emotional expressive behavior, and attention to normative social comparison information were conducted with undergraduates to demonstrate the convergent and discriminant validity of the Self-Monitoring Scale (SM). The use of SM to investigate hypotheses concerning consistency in expression across situations and between channels of expressive behavior is discussed. (28 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-537
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1974


  • self-monitoring of expressive behavior &
  • self-presentation as social psychological construct, development &
  • validity of Self-Monitoring Scale, college students


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