Self-esteem, negative emotionality, and depression as a common temperamental core: A study of mid-adolescent twin girls

Michelle B. Neiss, Jim Stevenson, Lisa N. Legrand, William G Iacono, Constantine Sedikides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested the structure and magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on the overlap among self-esteem, negative emotionality, and major depression symptoms in adolescent girls (N=706) from the Minnesota Twin Family Study. Genetic and environmental influences on all three operated via a general, heritable factor. Genetic influences explained the majority of overlap among the three constructs, as well as most of the variance in self-esteem and negative emotionality. Genetic influences on depression were more modest and largely due to genetic factors specific to depression. These findings support the theory that self-esteem, depression, and neuroticism represent aspects of a common temperamental core. The interrelations among the three constructs in mid-adolescence is consistent with their interrelations in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-346
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of personality
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

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