Self-Discrepancy and Eating Disorder Symptoms Across Eating Disorder Diagnostic Groups

Tyler B. Mason, Jason M. Lavender, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Scott G. Engel, Timothy J. Strauman, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Daniel Le Grange, Marjorie H. Klein, Tracey L. Smith, Carol B. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


This study examined self-discrepancy, a construct of theoretical relevance to eating disorder (ED) psychopathology, across different types of EDs. Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 112), bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 72), and binge eating disorder (BED; n = 199) completed semi-structured interviews assessing specific types of self-discrepancies. Results revealed that actual:ideal (A:I) discrepancy was positively associated with AN, actual:ought (A:O) discrepancy was positively associated with BN and BED, and self-discrepancies did not differentiate BN from BED. Across diagnoses, A:O discrepancy was positively associated with severity of purging, binge eating, and global ED psychopathology. Further, there were significant interactions between diagnosis and A:O discrepancy for global ED psychopathology and between diagnosis and A:I discrepancy for binge eating and driven exercise. These results support the importance of self-discrepancy as a potential causal and maintenance variable in EDs that differentiates among different types of EDs and symptom severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Eating Disorders Review
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • anorexia nervosa
  • binge eating disorder
  • bulimia nervosa
  • eating disorders
  • self-discrepancy

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