Self-Assembled Three-Dimensional Graphene-Based Polyhedrons Inducing Volumetric Light Confinement

Daeha Joung, Andrei Nemilentsau, Kriti Agarwal, Chunhui Dai, Chao Liu, Qun Su, Jing Li, Tony Low, Steven J. Koester, Jeong Hyun Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability to transform two-dimensional (2D) materials into a three-dimensional (3D) structure while preserving their unique inherent properties might offer great enticing opportunities in the development of diverse applications for next generation micro/nanodevices. Here, a self-assembly process is introduced for building free-standing 3D, micro/nanoscale, hollow, polyhedral structures configured with a few layers of graphene-based materials: graphene and graphene oxide. The 3D structures have been further modified with surface patterning, realized through the inclusion of metal patterns on their 3D surfaces. The 3D geometry leads to a nontrivial spatial distribution of strong electric fields (volumetric light confinement) induced by 3D plasmon hybridization on the surface of the graphene forming the 3D structures. Due to coupling in all directions, resulting in 3D plasmon hybridization, the 3D closed box graphene generates a highly confined electric field within as well as outside of the cubes. Moreover, since the uniform coupling reduces the decay of the field enhancement away from the surface, the confined electric field inside of the 3D structure shows two orders of magnitude higher than that of 2D graphene before transformation into the 3D structure. Therefore, these structures might be used for detection of target substances (not limited to only the graphene surfaces, but using the entire volume formed by the 3D graphene-based structure) in sensor applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1987-1994
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 2017

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Graphite
polyhedrons
Graphene
graphene
Electric fields
electric fields
Self assembly
Oxides
preserving
Spatial distribution
boxes
self assembly
hollow
spatial distribution
Metals
inclusions
oxides
Geometry
augmentation
sensors

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • 3D structures
  • graphene
  • plasmon
  • self-assembly

How much support was provided by MRSEC?

  • Shared

Reporting period for MRSEC

  • Period 3

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Cite this

Self-Assembled Three-Dimensional Graphene-Based Polyhedrons Inducing Volumetric Light Confinement. / Joung, Daeha; Nemilentsau, Andrei; Agarwal, Kriti; Dai, Chunhui; Liu, Chao; Su, Qun; Li, Jing; Low, Tony; Koester, Steven J.; Cho, Jeong Hyun.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 17, No. 3, 08.03.2017, p. 1987-1994.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Joung, Daeha ; Nemilentsau, Andrei ; Agarwal, Kriti ; Dai, Chunhui ; Liu, Chao ; Su, Qun ; Li, Jing ; Low, Tony ; Koester, Steven J. ; Cho, Jeong Hyun. / Self-Assembled Three-Dimensional Graphene-Based Polyhedrons Inducing Volumetric Light Confinement. In: Nano Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 1987-1994.
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