Self-Affirmation and Self-Control: Affirming Core Values Counteracts Ego Depletion

Brandon J. Schmeichel, Kathleen D. Vohs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

433 Scopus citations


Research has established that acts of self-control deplete a resource required for subsequent self-control tasks. The present investigation revealed that a psychological intervention-self-affirmation-facilitates self-control when the resource has been depleted. Experiments 1 and 2 found beneficial effects of self-affirmation on self-control in a depleted state. Experiments 3 and 4 suggested that self-affirmation improves self-control by promoting higher levels (vs. lower levels) of mental construal. Self-affirmation therefore holds promise as a mental strategy that reduces the likelihood of self-control failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-782
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • construal level
  • ego depletion
  • self-affirmation
  • self-control
  • self-regulation


Dive into the research topics of 'Self-Affirmation and Self-Control: Affirming Core Values Counteracts Ego Depletion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this