Selective neurocognitive impairments in adolescents with major depressive disorder

Georges Han, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Susie Jepsen, Kristin Ballard, Megan Nelson, Alaa Houri, Sanjiv Kumra, Kathryn R Cullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated whether major depression in adolescence is characterized by neurocognitive deficits in attention, affective decision making, and cognitive control of emotion processing. Neuropsychological tests including the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, the Continuous Performance Test-Identical Pairs, the Attention Network Test, the Iowa Gambling Task, the Emotional Go-NoGo Task, and the Face Go-NoGo Task were administered to adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) (n=31) and psychiatric diagnosis free controls (n=30). Findings indicated that compared with controls, depressed adolescents exhibited impaired sustained attention; a gender by group interaction on affective decision making such that depressed males tended to make less advantageous choices on the IGT; and an inverse pattern of correlations between depressive symptom counts and reaction time to affective stimuli, characterizing greater affective reactivity in depressed adolescents. Findings demonstrate that adolescents with MDD display selective neurocognitive impairments on tasks capturing 'cool' and 'hot' executive functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Fingerprint

Major Depressive Disorder
Decision Making
Depression
Wechsler Scales
Gambling
Neuropsychological Tests
Intelligence
Mental Disorders
Reaction Time
Emotions

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Affective decision making
  • Attention
  • Emotional processing
  • Executive functioning
  • Major depression

Cite this

Selective neurocognitive impairments in adolescents with major depressive disorder. / Han, Georges; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie; Jepsen, Susie; Ballard, Kristin; Nelson, Megan; Houri, Alaa; Kumra, Sanjiv; Cullen, Kathryn R.

In: Journal of Adolescence, Vol. 35, No. 1, 01.02.2012, p. 11-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Han, Georges ; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie ; Jepsen, Susie ; Ballard, Kristin ; Nelson, Megan ; Houri, Alaa ; Kumra, Sanjiv ; Cullen, Kathryn R. / Selective neurocognitive impairments in adolescents with major depressive disorder. In: Journal of Adolescence. 2012 ; Vol. 35, No. 1. pp. 11-20.
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