Anomalies and disease processes of the coronary arteries in children are uncommon. However, with the recent advances in cardiac surgical techniques, many of these lesions are amenable to surgery that requires accurate anatomic delineation by angiography. Ascending aortography is the angiographic procedure commonly used to image the coronary arterial anatomy in children. In some cases, selective coronary arteriography is essential for successful management. Twelve patients are presented in whom selective coronary arteriography was indicated, and its value is compared with that of nonselective angiography. Indications for selective coronary arteriography in children are given, and its complications are also discussed.