The effect of selective attention on implicit learning was tested in four experiments using the "contextual cueing" paradigm (Chun & Jiang, 1998, 1999). Observers performed visual search through items presented in an attended colour (e.g., red) and an ignored colour (e.g., green). When the spatial configuration of items in the attended colour was invariant and was consistently paired with a target location, visual search was facilitated, showing contextual cueing (Experiments 1, 3, and 4). In contrast, repeating and pairing the configuration of the ignored items with the target location resulted in no contextual cueing (Experiments 2 and 4). We conclude that implicit learning is robust only when relevant, predictive information is selectively attended.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A: Human Experimental Psychology|
|State||Published - Nov 2001|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Requests for reprints should be sent to Yuhong Jiang, Departmentof Brain and Cognitive Sciences, MIT, Buid-l ing NE20-443, 7B7 Mass Avenue, Camdgeb, MAr021i3, USA9. Email: yuhong@MIT.EDU or Marvin M. Chun, Department of Psychology, Vandelrt Unbiversityi , 531 WsnoHailll, Nashvil,lTeN, 37212, U. ESil:mA a firstname.lastname@example.org This research was supported by National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant BCS-9817349. We thank Luis Jimenez,MichaelStadle, anrd AxelCleensrforethrmheepfuillarevies.wWethankIngrid R.Olsnofor her comments on the manuscript.
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