Selection and adaptive introgression guided the complex evolutionary history of the European common bean

Elisa Bellucci, Andrea Benazzo, Chunming Xu, Elena Bitocchi, Monica Rodriguez, Saleh Alseekh, Valerio Di Vittori, Tania Gioia, Kerstin Neumann, Gaia Cortinovis, Giulia Frascarelli, Ester Murube, Emiliano Trucchi, Laura Nanni, Andrea Ariani, Giuseppina Logozzo, Jin Hee Shin, Chaochih Liu, Liang Jiang, Juan José FerreiraAna Campa, Giovanna Attene, Peter L. Morrell, Giorgio Bertorelle, Andreas Graner, Paul Gepts, Alisdair R. Fernie, Scott A. Jackson, Roberto Papa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Domesticated crops have been disseminated by humans over vast geographic areas. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) was introduced in Europe after 1492. Here, by combining whole-genome profiling, metabolic fingerprinting and phenotypic characterisation, we show that the first common bean cultigens successfully introduced into Europe were of Andean origin, after Francisco Pizarro’s expedition to northern Peru in 1529. We reveal that hybridisation, selection and recombination have shaped the genomic diversity of the European common bean in parallel with political constraints. There is clear evidence of adaptive introgression into the Mesoamerican-derived European genotypes, with 44 Andean introgressed genomic segments shared by more than 90% of European accessions and distributed across all chromosomes except PvChr11. Genomic scans for signatures of selection highlight the role of genes relevant to flowering and environmental adaptation, suggesting that introgression has been crucial for the dissemination of this tropical crop to the temperate regions of Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1908
JournalNature communications
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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