Seizure disorders: Overview

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Seizures and epilepsies Epilepsy is the most common of disabling neurological conditions, and seizures are among the most common of neurological symptoms. Seizures are paroxysmal, transitory events that alter consciousness or other cortical function, and they result from episodic neurologic, psychiatric, or extracerebral (particularly cardiovascular) dysfunction. Epileptic seizures are distinguished from other such events by their abnormally synchronized electrical discharges in localized or widely distributed groups of cerebral neurons; such hypersynchronous discharges do not occur during organic or psychogenic non-epileptic seizures, certain of which may produce behaviors closely resembling those of epileptic seizures. Many individuals experience a single generalized tonic-clonic seizure at some time in life, which can be caused by electrolyte disturbances, hypoglycemia, or other extracerebral conditions. Epilepsy is diagnosed only when persisting cerebral dysfunction causes recurring epileptic seizures. Approximately 5% of the general population has one or more epileptic seizure during their lifetimes. At any point in time, 1-2% of the population has epilepsy; cumulative lifetime incidence exceeds 3%. Seizures are refractory to control with antiepileptic drugs in more than 30% of all epilepsies, but the incidence of drug refractoriness varies considerably across the wide range of epileptic syndromes.[3]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical MR Neuroimaging
Subtitle of host publicationPhysiological and Functional Techniques, Second Edition
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages519-525
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781139193481
ISBN (Print)9780521515634
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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    Henry, T. R., & Van de Moortele, P. F. (2011). Seizure disorders: Overview. In Clinical MR Neuroimaging: Physiological and Functional Techniques, Second Edition (pp. 519-525). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139193481.036