Seizure characteristics and outcomes in 508 Chinese adult patients undergoing primary resection of low-grade gliomas: A clinicopathological study

Gan You, Zhi Yi Sha, Wei Yan, Wei Zhang, Yong Zhi Wang, Shao Wu Li, Lin Sang, Zi Wang, Gui Lin Li, Shou Wei Li, Yi Jun Song, Chun Sheng Kang, Tao Jiang

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149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seizure is a common presenting manifestation and plays an important role in the clinical presentation and quality of life for patients with low-grade gliomas (LGGs). The authors set out to identify factors that influence preoperative seizure characteristics and postoperative seizure control. Cases involving adult patients who had undergone initial surgery for LGGs in a single institution between 2005 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with preoperative seizures and postoperative seizure control. Of the 508 patients in the series, 350 (68.9%) presented with seizures. Age less than 38 years and cortical involvement of tumor were more likely to be associated with seizures (P = .003 and. 001, respectively, multivariate logistic analysis). For the cohort of 350 patients with seizures, Engel classification was used to evaluate 6-and 12-month outcome after surgery: completely seizure free (Engel class I), 65.3% and 62.5;% not seizure free (Engel classes II, III, IV), 34.7% and 37.5%. After multivariate logistic analysis, favorable seizure prognosis was more common in patients with secondary generalized seizure (P = .006) and with calcification on MRI (.031). With respect to treatment-related variables, patients achieved much better seizure control after gross total resection than after subtotal resection (P < .0001). Ki67 was an independent molecular marker predicting poor seizure control in the patients with a history of seizure if overexpressed but was not a predictor for those without preoperative seizures. These factors may provide insight into developing effective treatment strategies aimed at prolonging patients survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-241
Number of pages12
JournalNeuro-Oncology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Ki67
  • calcification
  • extent of resection
  • low-grade glioma
  • seizure

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