Seismic performance assessment of steel EBFs with Conventional and replaceable yielding links designed with ASCE 7-16

Pedram Mortazavi, Oh Sung Kwon, Constantin Christopoulos

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1 Scopus citations


This paper presents an extensive numerical study on the seismic performance of steel eccentrically braced frames (EBFs) designed according to the ASCE 7-16 standard. A series of EBF building structures ranging from 2 to 12 stories located in downtown Los Angeles are designed with different yielding links, including conventional and replaceable links. The performance of the structures is investigated through nonlinear time-history analyses (NLTHAs) under a suite of 40 ground motions, selected and scaled to match the target uniform hazard spectrum. The peak deformations are first examined to assess the performance of the buildings as well as the design procedure. Residual deformations are also evaluated and critically compared with acceptable limits, to provide insight into the downtime and recovery time of EBFs after major earthquakes. Previous studies have demonstrated that the response of stable yielding systems to major earthquakes is often accompanied by significant residual deformations, and that residual drifts exceeding 0.5% can cause hindrance to the buildings occupants. In EBFs, in addition to residual drifts, residual link rotations are also relevant and expected to be more severe due to the localization of inelastic deformations in the yielding link. For replaceable modular yielding links, significant residual link rotations after major earthquakes will hinder repairs and the link replacement process, which is one of the important design objectives. The performance of EBFs is also compared with what was observed in previous studies for buckling restrained braced frames and special moment resisting frames. In the end, the results from the extensive NLTHAs are used to establish a relationship between peak drifts and peak link rotations in EBFs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04024032
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©2024 American Society of Civil Engineers.


  • Eccentrically braced frames (EBFs)
  • Modular connections
  • Replaceable links
  • Seismic design
  • Steel casting
  • Steel structures
  • Yielding dampers


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