Sedimentary and historical context of eutrophication and remediation in urban Lake McCarrons (Roseville, Minnesota)

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Abstract

Geochemical analysis of the varved (annually laminated) sediments of a small, deep urban lake in east-central Minnesota shows that some water-quality and watershed indicators are approaching prehistoric (pre-1850s) values after an excursion to anomalous levels during the 1920s through 1950s. This high-resolution paleolimnological information (annually resolved for most of the 20th century), including varve thickness measurements on a digital image, carbon stable isotopic composition of organic matter, and sedimentary component quantification, provides historical perspective to lake managers planning remedial measures with reference to the "natural" state of the lake, especially in regard to the perception that water quality has declined only in recent decades (i.e., in the late 20th century). The lake is at present eutrophic and oligomictic, with oxygen-depleted bottom waters enriched in dissolved solids relative to surface waters; an alum treatment has contributed to the problem of persistent stratification at the same time as it has reduced phosphorus and increased transparency in lake surface waters. The sedimentary record shows the lake's strong response to agricultural, recreational, and urban development in the watershed, gradual improvement beginning at the time of sanitary sewer installation in the 1960s, and only a minor additional response to a concerted remediation effort in the mid-1980s to 1990s. Indices of terrestrial inputs and algal productivity show evidence of a lake that was at its most heavily impacted during the mid-20th century, and which has improved in some respects since the 1960s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-360
Number of pages12
JournalLake and Reservoir Management
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

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remediation
eutrophication
lakes
lake
recreational development
watershed
surface water
information transparency
water quality
sewage systems
varve
historical perspective
agricultural development
alum
digital image
urban development
transparency
bottom water
digital images
lake water

Keywords

  • alum treatment
  • bathing beach
  • carbon stable isotopes
  • detention pond
  • dissolved sulfate
  • paleolimnology
  • urban lake
  • varved sediments

Cite this

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abstract = "Geochemical analysis of the varved (annually laminated) sediments of a small, deep urban lake in east-central Minnesota shows that some water-quality and watershed indicators are approaching prehistoric (pre-1850s) values after an excursion to anomalous levels during the 1920s through 1950s. This high-resolution paleolimnological information (annually resolved for most of the 20th century), including varve thickness measurements on a digital image, carbon stable isotopic composition of organic matter, and sedimentary component quantification, provides historical perspective to lake managers planning remedial measures with reference to the {"}natural{"} state of the lake, especially in regard to the perception that water quality has declined only in recent decades (i.e., in the late 20th century). The lake is at present eutrophic and oligomictic, with oxygen-depleted bottom waters enriched in dissolved solids relative to surface waters; an alum treatment has contributed to the problem of persistent stratification at the same time as it has reduced phosphorus and increased transparency in lake surface waters. The sedimentary record shows the lake's strong response to agricultural, recreational, and urban development in the watershed, gradual improvement beginning at the time of sanitary sewer installation in the 1960s, and only a minor additional response to a concerted remediation effort in the mid-1980s to 1990s. Indices of terrestrial inputs and algal productivity show evidence of a lake that was at its most heavily impacted during the mid-20th century, and which has improved in some respects since the 1960s.",
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N2 - Geochemical analysis of the varved (annually laminated) sediments of a small, deep urban lake in east-central Minnesota shows that some water-quality and watershed indicators are approaching prehistoric (pre-1850s) values after an excursion to anomalous levels during the 1920s through 1950s. This high-resolution paleolimnological information (annually resolved for most of the 20th century), including varve thickness measurements on a digital image, carbon stable isotopic composition of organic matter, and sedimentary component quantification, provides historical perspective to lake managers planning remedial measures with reference to the "natural" state of the lake, especially in regard to the perception that water quality has declined only in recent decades (i.e., in the late 20th century). The lake is at present eutrophic and oligomictic, with oxygen-depleted bottom waters enriched in dissolved solids relative to surface waters; an alum treatment has contributed to the problem of persistent stratification at the same time as it has reduced phosphorus and increased transparency in lake surface waters. The sedimentary record shows the lake's strong response to agricultural, recreational, and urban development in the watershed, gradual improvement beginning at the time of sanitary sewer installation in the 1960s, and only a minor additional response to a concerted remediation effort in the mid-1980s to 1990s. Indices of terrestrial inputs and algal productivity show evidence of a lake that was at its most heavily impacted during the mid-20th century, and which has improved in some respects since the 1960s.

AB - Geochemical analysis of the varved (annually laminated) sediments of a small, deep urban lake in east-central Minnesota shows that some water-quality and watershed indicators are approaching prehistoric (pre-1850s) values after an excursion to anomalous levels during the 1920s through 1950s. This high-resolution paleolimnological information (annually resolved for most of the 20th century), including varve thickness measurements on a digital image, carbon stable isotopic composition of organic matter, and sedimentary component quantification, provides historical perspective to lake managers planning remedial measures with reference to the "natural" state of the lake, especially in regard to the perception that water quality has declined only in recent decades (i.e., in the late 20th century). The lake is at present eutrophic and oligomictic, with oxygen-depleted bottom waters enriched in dissolved solids relative to surface waters; an alum treatment has contributed to the problem of persistent stratification at the same time as it has reduced phosphorus and increased transparency in lake surface waters. The sedimentary record shows the lake's strong response to agricultural, recreational, and urban development in the watershed, gradual improvement beginning at the time of sanitary sewer installation in the 1960s, and only a minor additional response to a concerted remediation effort in the mid-1980s to 1990s. Indices of terrestrial inputs and algal productivity show evidence of a lake that was at its most heavily impacted during the mid-20th century, and which has improved in some respects since the 1960s.

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