Sediment Bioaccumulation Test with Lumbriculus variegatus: Effects of Feeding

Lawrence P. Burkhard, Dylan Hubin-Barrows, Nanditha Billa, Terry L. Highland, James R. Hockett, David R. Mount, Teresa J. Norberg-King, Steven Hawthorne, David J. Miller, Carol B. Grabanski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Standard sediment-bioaccumulation test methods specify that Lumbriculus variegatus should not be fed during the 28-day exposure. This lack of feeding can lead to decreases in L. variegatus weight and lipid content during the 28-day exposure period. Differences in intrinsic nutritional content of sediments could lead to additional variability in organism performance and/or contaminant uptake. To evaluate the potential benefits of feeding, sediment-bioaccumulation tests were performed comparing treatments with and without supplemental feeding with tropical fish food and also comparing performance food introduced as blended slurry versus fine flakes. The ration of food provided had to be limited to 6 mg/300-mL beaker with 250 mg of L. variegatus (ww) receiving three feedings per week to maintain acceptable dissolved oxygen (DO) in the test chambers. Relative weight change during exposure varied across sediments in the absence of food from very little change to as much as a 40 % decrease from starting weight. Feeding slurry and flake foods increased the total weight of recovered organisms by 32 and 48 %, respectively, but they did not decrease variability in weight changes across sediments. Lipid contents of the organisms decreased similarly across all feeding treatments during the test. At test termination, lipid contents of L. variegatus across unfed, slurry-fed, and flake-fed treatments were not significantly different per Tukey's honest significant difference test with 95 % family-wise confidence. Feeding resulted in polychlorinated biphenyl residues in L. variegatus being generally slightly less (median 78 %) and slightly greater (median 135 %) than the unfed treatments with slurry and flake formulated foods, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-706
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 6 2015

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