Secondary Sphere Hydrogen Bonding in Monocopper Complexes of Potentially Dinucleating Bis(carboxamide) Ligands

Benjamin D. Neisen, Pavlo V. Solntsev, Mohammad R. Halvagar, William B. Tolman

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7 Scopus citations


Reaction of a macrocyclic ligand precursor comprising two bis(carboxamido)pyridine units (H4L4) connected by ethylene linkers with NMe4OH and CuX2 (X = Cl, OAc, or OTf) yielded monocopper complexes [NMe4][(H2L4)Cu(X)] [X = Cl (3), OAc (4), or OH (5)], in contrast to the results of previous work on a related ligand with ortho-phenylene linkers wherein dicopper compounds were isolated. X-ray structures of the complexes revealed hydrogen bonding from the free carboxamide N-H groups in the doubly protonated form of the ligand (H2L42-) to the monodentate fourth ligand coordinated to the CuII ion. Similar secondary sphere hydrogen bonding interactions were identified in multinuclear compounds [NMe4]2[{(H2L4)Cu}n(CO3)] (n = 2 or 3) that were isolated from exposure of 5 to air. Cyclic voltammetry revealed oxidations of 3 and 5 at potentials about 300 mV higher than those of analogous monocopper complexes of bis(arylcarboxamido)pyridine ligands, which lack the intramolecular hydrogen bonds, consistent with removal of electron density from the metal center by the hydrogen bonding array. Another ligand variant (H4L5) with ortho-phenylene linkers and only one bis(carboxamido)pyridine moiety yielded monocopper complexes [NMe4][(H2L5)Cu(OAc)]·DMF (8) and [NMe4][(H2L5)CuCl]·CH3CN (9), but the X-ray structures revealed a different hydrogen bonding arrangement to the solvate molecules. Nonetheless, a high redox potential for 9 was observed, consistent with intramolecular hydrogen bonding interactions in solution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5856-5863
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number36
StatePublished - Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


  • Copper
  • Hydrogen bonds
  • Macrocycles
  • Redox chemistry


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