Secondary organic aerosol-forming reactions of glyoxal with amino acids

David O. De Haan, Ashley L. Corrigan, Kyle W. Smith, Daniel R. Stroik, Jacob J. Turley, Frances E. Lee, Margaret A. Tolbert, Jose L. Jimenez, Kyle E. Cordova, Grant R. Ferrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glyoxal, the simplest and most abundant α-dicarbonyl compound in the atmosphere, is scavenged by clouds and aerosol, where it reacts with nucleophiles to form low-volatility products. Here we examine the reactions of glyoxal with five amino acids common in clouds. When glyoxal and glycine, serine, aspartic acid or ornithine are present at concentrations as low as 30 μM in evaporating aqueous droplets or bulk solutions, 1,3-disubstituted imidazoles are formed in irreversible second-order reactions detected by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), aerosol mass spectrometry (AMS) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). In contrast, glyoxal reacts with arginine preferentially at side chain amino groups, forming nonaromatic five-membered rings. All reactions were accompanied by browning. The uptake of 45 ppb glyoxal by solid-phase glycine aerosol at 50% RH was also studied and found to cause particle growth and the production of imidazole measured by scanning mobility particle sizing and AMS, respectively, with a glyoxal uptake coefficient α = 0.0004. Comparison of reaction kinetics in bulk and in drying droplets shows that conversion of glyoxal dihydrate to monohydrate accelerates the reaction by over 3 orders of magnitude, allowing these reactions to occur at atmospheric conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2818-2824
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2009

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