Secluded U(1) below the weak scale

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A secluded U(1) sector with weak admixture to photons, O(10-2-10-3), and the scale of the breaking below 1 GeV represents a natural yet poorly constrained extension of the standard model. We analyze g-2 of muons and electrons together with other precision QED data, as well as radiative decays of strange particles to constrain the mass-mixing angle (mV-κ) parameter space. We point out that mV 214MeV and κ2>3×10-5 can be consistent with the hypothesis of the HyperCP Collaboration, which seeks to explain the anomalous energy distribution of muon pairs in the Σ+→pμ+μ- process by a resonance, without direct contradiction to the existing data on radiative kaon decays. The same parameters lead to an O(few×10-9) upward correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, possibly relaxing some tension between the experimental value and theoretical determinations of g-2. The ultrafine energy resolution scan of the e+e-→μ+μ- cross section and dedicated analysis of lepton spectra from K+→π+e+e- decays should be able to provide a conclusive test of this hypothesis and improve the constraints on the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number095002
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 2 2009
Externally publishedYes

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