Search for pulsed VHE gamma-ray emission from young pulsars with HESS

F. Aharonian, A. G. Akhperjanian, A. R. Bazer-Bachi, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, D. Berge, K. Bernlöhr, C. Boisson, O. Bolz, V. Borrel, I. Braun, E. Brion, A. M. Brown, R. Bühler, I. Büsching, T. Boutelier, S. Carrigan, P. M. Chadwick, L. M. Chounet, G. CoignetR. Cornils, L. Costamante, B. Degrange, H. J. Dickinson, A. Djannati-Ataï, L. O C Drury, G. Dubus, K. Egberts, T. Eifert, D. Emmanoulopoulos, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, F. Feinstein, E. Ferrero, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, Seb Funk, S. Funk, M. Füßling, Y. A. Gallant, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, B. Glück, P. Goret, C. Hadjichristidis, D. Hauser, M. Hauser, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, J. A. Hinton, A. Hoffmann, W. Hofmann, M. Holleran, S. Hoppe, D. Horns, A. Jacholkowska, O. C. De Jager, E. Kendziorra, M. Kerschhaggl, B. Khélifi, Nu Komin, K. Kosack, G. Lamanna, I. J. Latham, R. Le Gallou, A. Lemière, M. Lemoine-Goumard, T. Lohse, R. N. Manchester, J. M. Martin, O. Martineau-Huynh, A. Marcowith, C. Masterson, G. Maurin, T. J L McComb, E. Moulin, M. De Naurois, D. Nedbal, S. J. Nolan, A. Noutsos, J. P. Olive, K. J. Orford, J. L. Osborne, M. Panter, G. Pelletier, P. O. Petrucci, S. Pita, G. Pühlhofer, M. Punch, S. Ranchon, B. C. Raubenheimer, M. Raue, S. M. Rayner, O. Reimer, J. Ripken, L. Rob, L. Rolland, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, V. Sahakian, A. Santangelo, L. Saugé, S. Schlenker, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schmidt, R. Schröder, U. Schwanke, S. Schwarzburg, S. Schwemmer, A. Shalchi, H. Sol, D. Spangler, F. Spanier, R. Steenkamp, C. Stegmann, G. Superina, P. H. Tam, J. P. Tavernet, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Van Eldik, G. Vasileiadis, C. Venter, J. P. Vialle, P. Vincent, H. J. Volk, S. J. Wagner, M. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aims. We present the results of a search for pulsed very-high-energy (VHE) γ-ray emission from young pulsars using data taken with the HESS imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescope system. Methods. Data on eleven pulsars, selected according to their spin-down luminosity relative to distance, are searched for y-ray signals with periodicity at the respective pulsar spin period. Special analysis efforts were made to improve the sensitivity in the 100 GeV γ-ray energy domain in an attempt to reduce the gap between satellite and ground-based γ-ray instruments. Results. No significant evidence for pulsed emission is found in any data set. Differential upper limits on pulsed energy flux are determined for all selected pulsars in the approximate γ-ray energy range between 100 GeV and 50 TeV, using different limit determination methods, testing a wide range of possible pulsar light curves and energy spectra. Conclusions. The limits derived here imply that the magnetospheric VHE γ-ray production efficiency in young pulsars is less than 10-4 of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, requiring spectral turnovers for the high-energy emission of four established γ-ray pulsars, and constrain the inverse Compton radiation component predicted by several outer gap models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-554
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume466
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • Gamma rays: observations
  • Pulsars: individual: Crab pulsar
  • Pulsars: individual: PSR B1259-63
  • Pulsars: individual: PSR B1509-58
  • Pulsars: individual: PSR B1706-44
  • Pulsars: individual: Vela pulsar

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