The immediate-early (IE) protein BICP0 of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) may have other functions besides transactivation of viral promoters. Recently, we observed that BICP0, delivered to cultured cells by a helpervirus-free amplicon system, forms spherical or doughnut-like structures in which the tumor suppressor protein p53 is sequestered. The objective was to determine whether BICP0 and p53 interact physically, we used both yeast and mammalian two-hybrid systems. As a bait plasmid, pVA3 which encodes a hybrid protein consisting of the Gal4 DNA binding domain fused to murine p53 was used. The BICP0 gene or its truncated versions were inserted into the prey plasmid pGAD424. Bait and prey plasmids were cotransformed into yeast strain Y153, which has LacZ and HIS3 reporter genes under the control of Gal4 upstream activating sequence. After 4-6 days, colonies were stained for beta-galactosidase activity. In the mammalian two-hybrid system, pM-53 was used as a bait where truncated p53 fused to Gal4 DNA binding domain is expressed. The BICP0 gene was cloned into prey plasmid pVP16. The interaction between p53 and SV40 T-antigen was evaluated as a positive control in both systems. Neither full-length BICP0 nor its truncated derivatives induced beta-galactosidase activity in yeast whereas the positive control turned blue under the same conditions. The mammalian two-hybrid system, in which chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) activity was used as a reporter, also failed to show an interaction between these two proteins. Co-localization of p53 with BICP0 in spherical structures is unlikely to result from a direct physical interaction between these two proteins. Mediation by additional cellular proteins may be required.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Igor Stagljar, University of Zurich, for advice on the two-hybrid system and for materials. This work was supported by Swiss National Science Foundation Grant No. 3100-053751.98.
- Bovine herpesvirus-1
- Mammalian two-hybrid
- Yeast two-hybrid