Search for neutral Q-balls in Super-Kamiokande II

Y. Takenaga, K. Abe, Y. Hayato, T. Iida, K. Ishihara, J. Kameda, Y. Koshio, A. Minamino, C. Mitsuda, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, Y. Obayashi, H. Ogawa, M. Shiozawa, Y. Suzuki, A. Takeda, Y. Takeuchi, K. Ueshima, H. WatanabeS. Yamada, I. Higuchi, C. Ishihara, M. Ishitsuka, T. Kajita, K. Kaneyuki, G. Mitsuka, S. Nakayama, H. Nishino, K. Okumura, C. Saji, Y. Totsuka, S. Clark, S. Desai, F. Dufour, A. Herfurth, E. Kearns, S. Likhoded, M. Litos, J. L. Raaf, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, W. Wang, M. Goldhaber, D. Casper, J. P. Cravens, J. Dunmore, J. Griskevich, W. R. Kropp, D. W. Liu, S. Mine, C. Regis, M. B. Smy, H. W. Sobel, M. R. Vagins, K. S. Ganezer, J. E. Hill, W. E. Keig, J. S. Jang, J. Y. Kim, I. T. Lim, K. Scholberg, N. Tanimoto, C. W. Walter, R. Wendell, R. W. Ellsworth, S. Tasaka, E. Guillian, J. G. Learned, S. Matsuno, M. D. Messier, A. K. Ichikawa, T. Ishida, T. Ishii, T. Iwashita, T. Kobayashi, T. Nakadaira, K. Nakamura, K. Nishikawa, K. Nitta, Y. Oyama, A. T. Suzuki, M. Hasegawa, H. Maesaka, T. Nakaya, T. Sasaki, H. Sato, S. Yamamoto, M. Yokoyama, T. J. Haines, S. Dazeley, S. Hatakeyama, R. Svoboda, G. W. Sullivan, R. Gran, A. Habig, Y. Fukuda, T. Sato, Y. Itow, T. Koike, C. K. Jung, T. Kato, K. Kobayashi, C. McGrew, A. Sarrat, R. Terri, C. Yanagisawa, N. Tamura, M. Sakuda, M. Sugihara, Y. Kuno, M. Yoshida, S. B. Kim, B. S. Yang, T. Ishizuka, H. Okazawa, Y. Choi, H. K. Seo, Y. Gando, T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, H. Ishii, K. Nishijima, H. Ishino, Y. Watanabe, M. Koshiba, S. Chen, Z. Deng, Y. Liu, D. Kielczewska, H. G. Berns, K. K. Shiraishi, E. Thrane, K. Washburn, R. J. Wilkes

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33 Scopus citations


A search for Q-balls has been carried out in Super-Kamiokande II with 541.7 days of live time. A neutral Q-ball passing through the detector can interact with nuclei to produce pions, generating a signal of successive contained pion events along a track. No candidate for successive contained event groups has been found in Super-Kamiokande II, so we obtain upper limits on the flux of such Q-balls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-22
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 29 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We gratefully acknowledge the cooperation of the Kamioka Mining and Smelting Company. The Super-Kamiokande experiment has been built and operated from funding by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, the United States Department of Energy, and the US National Science Foundation, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.


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