Soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) carries out methane oxidation at 4 °C and under ambient pressure in a catalytic cycle involving the formation of a peroxodiiron(III) intermediate (P) from the oxygenation of the diiron(II) enzyme and its subsequent conversion to Q, the diiron(IV) oxidant that hydroxylates methane. Synthetic diiron(IV) complexes that can serve as models for Q are rare and have not been generated by a reaction sequence analogous to that of sMMO. In this work, we show that [FeII(Me3NTB)(CH3CN)](CF3SO3)2 (Me3NTB = tris((1-methyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)methyl)amine) (1) reacts with O2 in the presence of base, generating a (μ-1,2-peroxo)diiron(III) adduct with a low O-O stretching frequency of 825 cm-1 and a short Fe···Fe distance of 3.07 Å. Even more interesting is the observation that the peroxodiiron(III) complex undergoes O-O bond cleavage upon treatment with the Lewis acid Sc3+ and transforms into a bis(μ-oxo)diiron(IV) complex, thus providing a synthetic precedent for the analogous conversion of P to Q in the catalytic cycle of sMMO.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are thankful for grants from the U.S. National Institutes of Health (R01 GM-38767 and R35 GM-131721 to L.Q.), the U.S. National Science Foundation (CHE1654060 to Y.G.), and MICINN (CTQ2017-87392-P to M.S.) for the support of this work. XAS data were collected at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Beamline 9-3. The use of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515. The SSRL Structural Molecular Biology Program is supported by the DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research and by the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (P41GM103393). We acknowledge several insightful discussions with Dr. Andrew Jasniewski that helped in developing the study presented here.
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