Screw position affects dynamic compression plate strain in an in vitro fracture model

T. Ellis, C. A. Bourgeault, R. F. Kyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This investigation considers the effect of a variety of screw positions on plate strain in three fracture models. Design: Dynamic compression plate fixation of in vitro fracture models. Methods: To model a fracture, a plastic pipe was cut transversely and a twenty-hole dynamic compression plate was attached by screws. Eighteen stacked, rectangular, rosette strain gauges were installed on the plate to evaluate strain. Three models were evaluated: two constructs in which there was no contact between the cut ends of the pipe under the fixation plate (small- and large-gap models) and a construct in which there was direct apposition of the cut ends (no-gap model). The pattern and magnitude of strains were assessed as a function of varying combinations of screw position for each model. Results: Maximal plate strain in the gap models was lowest with screws placed closest to the gap, compared with screws placed away from the gap or spaced apart. The no-gap model showed significantly lower strains when screws were placed further from the osteotomy site than when screws were positioned close together or spaced apart. In all cases, maximal plate strain occurred adjacent to the most central screw holes and rapidly dissipated along the length of the plate. Conclusion: In a model simulating a comminuted fracture (gap), this study found that screws should be placed as close to the fracture site as possible to minimize plate strain. In an anatomically reduced two-part fracture model (no gap), widely spaced screws or those placed away from the fracture resulted in lower strains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-337
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of orthopaedic trauma
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2001

Keywords

  • Dynamic compression plate
  • Fracture fixation
  • Internal fixation
  • Plate strain
  • Screw position

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