Screening test(I) of several antipsychotic agents on NO formation

J. H. Lee, E. E. El-Fakahany

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A number of neurological syndromes (e.g. tardive dyskinesia) are developed as a consequence of chronic treatment with neuroleptics or antipsychotic agents. Despite the long and succesful use of phenothiazine derivatives and related agents in the treatment of certain states of mental disease, the mechanisms of these drugs are still poorly understood. One current hypothesis from extensive reviews is that these compounds might significantly interfere with the cyclic nucleotide system in brain (Levin and Weiss, 1977; Nowicki et al., 1991; Haley et al., 1992). Nitric oxide (NO), one of an interesting messenger molecule and aberrant transmitter, is believed to play an important role in biological functions of cyclic nucleotides in nervous system. It has been reported that calcium-dependent NO synthesis in endothelial cytosol is mediated by calmodulin which is supposed to be tightly related to pharmacological actions of antipsychotic agents. In the present study, the effect of several antipsychotic agents on the activity of NO synthesis and formation of cyclic GMP were investigated. These agents inhibited both the formation of [3H]L-citrulline and that of [3H]cyclic GMP by concentration-dependent manner, and their inhibiting patterns are so similar to that of calmodulin antagonist.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalKorean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1994


  • calmodulin
  • cyclic nucleotides
  • nitric oxide (NO)
  • phenothiazine antipsychotics
  • tardive dyskinesia


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