Three students in the St. Paul Public Schools were diagnosed with active tuberculosis (TB) in late 1991 and early 1992. To define the prevalence of TB infection in St. Paul and Minneapolis, we conducted school-based screening projects in the St. Paul and Minneapolis public schools during 1992 and 1993. In St. Paul, 7,596 (74.8%) students in grades six through 12 received Mantoux tests; 268 (3.5%) were reactive. Infection rates varied significantly by country of birth, with students born outside the United States more likely to be Mantoux reactors than U.S.-born students (RR = 20.2; 95% CI = 14.9-27.3; p < 0.001). In Minneapolis, 752 (47.2%) eighth-grade students received Mantoux tests; 23 (3.1%) were reactive. As in St. Paul, infection rates varied by country of birth; students born outside the United States were more likely to have reactive Mantoux tests than students born in this country (RR = 13.2; 95% CI = 5.6-31.4; p < 0.001). We conclude that routine TB screening of school students is not warranted in Minnesota, although school-based screening targeted at the highest risk students, particularly those born outside the United States, may be a beneficial prevention strategy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1996|