Digital subtraction angiography was used in 10 renal allograft recipients with sustained hypertension after transplantation to detect transplant renal artery stenosis. Recipients with end-to-end vascular anastomoses were visualized adequately in the anteroposterior projection. Two cases of transplant renal artery stenosis were identified by digital subtraction angiography and then verified by catheter angiography. Patients with end-to-side vascular anastomoses may require additional oblique projections. Digital subtraction angiography is a safe, noninvasive and cost-effective screening procedure to diagnose transplant renal artery stenosis in most recipients. Catheter angiography can be applied more selectively to those recipients with stenosis observed by digital subtraction angiography or when more detailed imaging is required.