Screening for depression in stroke patients: The reliability and validity of the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale

David Shinar, Cynthia R. Gross, Thomas R. Price, Maryann Banko, Paula L. Bolduc, Robert G. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

196 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the Inter-observer reliability and validity of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) as a measure of depressive symptomatology in stroke patients, and its utility as a screening tool for depression In this population. The CES-D Scale is a brief questionnaire originally designed for use in community surveys. Twenty-seven non-aphasic patients enrolled in the Stroke Data Bank at the University of Maryland were interviewed by a research nurse using the CES-D. On the same day, each patient was independently evaluated by a research assistant using a psychiatric battery for depression and measures of cognitive, physical, and social functioning. Forty-one percent (11/27) of the patients were depressed according to clinical criteria for major or minor depression. With a cutpoint corresponding to the upper (most severe) 20% in community surveys, the CES-D Scale picked up 73% (8/11) of the depressed patients. In this sample no nondepressed patient scored over 16 on the CES-D (no false positives). The CES-D Scale scores correlated significantly with the other depression measures (r =.57 to r =.82, p <.002) and did not correlate with the measures of cognitive, physical, or social functioning. Based on 24 patients who received a CES-D Scale score from both the nurse and the research assistant, niter-rater reliabilty was high (r =.76, p <.001). Thus, the CES-D was found to be reliable and valid as a screening tool for assessing depression in stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-245
Number of pages5
JournalStroke
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

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