Science achievement and educational productivity: A hierarchical linear model

Deidra J. Young, Arthur J. Reynolds, Herbert J. Walberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Achievement test scores were analyzed in relation to individual- and school-level factors in a national sample of about 2, 000 tenth-grade students participating in the Longitudinal Study of American Youth in order to investigate the relative importance of school and individual factors in the determination of science learning. Hierarchical linear analyses showed that individual measures accounted for most of the variance. Previous achievement was the preponderant influence on subsequent achievement. Nonetheless, initial science attitude, instructional time, home environment, and exposure to mass media were also significant individual-level influences on science achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Educational Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1996


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