School-Based Outcomes Among Youth With Incarcerated Parents

Differences by School Setting

Rebecca J Shlafer, Tyler Reedy, Laurel Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Parental incarceration impacts millions of children in the United States and has important consequences for youths' adjustment and school-based outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a survey of youth behavior in one large Midwestern state, we examined the effect of both present and past parental incarceration on school-based outcomes, across 3 school settings (public schools, alternative learning centers, and juvenile correctional facilities). RESULTS: Parental incarceration was significantly associated with students' poor school-based outcomes; however, these effects varied markedly by school setting. Among youth in public schools, parental incarceration was consistently associated with poor school outcomes. There were mixed effects among youth in alternative learning centers and no significant effects among youth in juvenile correctional facilities. CONCLUSIONS: The study adds to a body of literature demonstrating the negative effects of parental incarceration on youth's school-based outcomes for youth in public schools; however, findings were mixed for youth in alternative learning centers and juvenile correctional facilities. Implications for future research and school practitioners are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-695
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of School Health
Volume87
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

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Keywords

  • parental incarceration
  • school outcomes
  • school outcomes
  • student engagement

Cite this

School-Based Outcomes Among Youth With Incarcerated Parents : Differences by School Setting. / Shlafer, Rebecca J; Reedy, Tyler; Davis, Laurel.

In: Journal of School Health, Vol. 87, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 687-695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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