School-Based Diversity Education Activities and Bias-Based Bullying Among Secondary School Students

Marla E. Eisenberg, Amy L. Gower, Camille Brown, Yoon-Sung Nam, Marizen R. Ramirez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Bias-based bullying (e.g., bullying related to race, weight, sexual orientation) is a common experience among youth, yet few school-based prevention programs explicitly address this type of bullying. This study explores whether schools that offer diversity education activities have lower rates of bias-based bullying among students compared to schools that do not offer these activities. Data came from two sources: the 2018 CDC School Profiles Survey (N = 216 schools) and the 2019 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 64,510 students). Multilevel logistic regression tested associations between diversity education activities (diversity clubs, lessons, or special events) and eight types of bias-based bullying among students, with attention to effect modification by relevant demographic characteristics. Students attending schools that offer a wider variety of diversity education opportunities had significantly lower odds of bullying about race, ethnicity, or national origin among boys of color (OR = 0.89, CI: 0.80, 1.00), about sexual orientation for gay, bisexual, and questioning boys (OR = 0.81, CI: 0.67, 0.97), and about disability for boys with a physical health problem (OR = 0.86, CI: 0.76, 0.99). Attending a school with more types of diversity education activities may protect vulnerable students against specific types of bias-based bullying and advance health equity. A diversity education is recommended as a key component of antibullying efforts and policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Early online dateJun 18 2021
StatePublished - Jun 18 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 SAGE Publications.


  • adolescence
  • bullying prevention
  • school environment
  • stigma

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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