Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium, and S. japonicum: identification of genus- and species-specific antigenic egg glycoproteins

A P Norden, M Strand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immunoreactive egg glycoproteins of Schistosoma mansoni, S. haematobium, and S. japonicum which are genus- and species-specific, or react with sera of patients infected with other parasites, have been identified. Egg proteins were labeled with Iodine-125, and the concanavalin A-binding glycoproteins were immunoprecipitated with sera of patients infected with one of four species of Schistosoma or Trichinella spiralis, Taenia solium, Echinococcus granulosus, Entamoeba histolytica, or Wuchereria bancrofti. These immunoprecipitates were analyzed by two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Despite the strikingly different patterns of glycoproteins of the African species, the antibody immune responses of patients infected with S. mansoni and S. haematobium were found to be so similar that differentiation could not be established. In contrast, sera of patients infected with S. japonicum, S. mekongi, or parasites not of the genus Schistosoma, immunoprecipitated fewer of the major S. mansoni or S. haematobium glycoproteins. Likewise, antibody immune responses of patients infected with the Oriental schistosomes (S. japonicum and S. mekongi) could not be differentiated. Only a few quantitative differences were noted between our S. mansoni egg glycoprotein extract and a standardized soluble egg antigen extract. This study provides an explanation for the extensive cross-reactivity observed in diagnostic assays which utilize various fractions of schistosomal egg extracts as the antigen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-44
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Parasitology
Volume58
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1984

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antigens, Helminth/analysis
  • Cross Reactions
  • Egg Proteins/immunology
  • Epitopes
  • Glycoproteins/immunology
  • Humans
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Schistosoma haematobium/immunology
  • Schistosoma japonicum/immunology
  • Schistosoma mansoni/immunology
  • Schistosomiasis/immunology
  • Species Specificity

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

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