In this paper we examine the impact of scheduling policies on batch sizing decisions in a multi-item production system. We also investigate the joint effect of scheduling policies and batch sizing decisions on production lead times. In particular we compare the performance of a first-come-first-served (FCFS) policy with that of a group scheduling (GS) policy and study the effect of each on the optimal batch size. We show that a GS policy can lead to significant performance gains, as measured by reduced lead times and higher production rates, relative to the FCFS policy, and characterize conditions under which these gains are realized. We also study the impact of the GS policy on other system operating parameters. In particular we find that using a GS policy eliminates the need for batching, preserves system capacity despite the presence of setups, and accommodates higher product mix variety. These results are shown to be very different from those obtained for the FCFS policy and to have important implications for the management and control of multi-item production facilities.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IIE Transactions (Institute of Industrial Engineers)|
|State||Published - 1997|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
S.B. was supported by the National Science Foundation under grant no. DMII - 9309631.