Sandwich technique, peripheral nerve stimulation, peripheral field stimulation and hybrid stimulation for inguinal region and genital pain

Andrew Shaw, Mayur Sharma, Zion Zibly, Daniel Ikeda, Milind Deogaonkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objective: Ilioinguinal neuralgia (IG) and genitofemoral (GF) neuralgia following inguinal hernia repair is a chronic and debilitating neuropathic condition. Recently, peripheral nerve stimulation has become an effective and minimally invasive option for the treatment of refractory pain. Here we present a retrospective case series of six patients who underwent placement of peripheral nerve stimulation electrodes using various techniques for treatment of refractory post-intervention inguinal region pain. Methods: Six patients with post-intervention inguinal, femoral or GF neuropathic pain were evaluated for surgery. Either octopolar percutaneous electrodes or combination of paddle and percutaneous electrodes were implanted in the area of their pain. Pain visual analog scores (VAS), surgical complication rate, preoperative symptom duration, degree of pain relief, preoperative and postoperative work status, postoperative changes in medication usage, and overall degree of satisfaction with this therapy was assessed. Results: All six patients had an average improvement of 62% in the immediate post-operative follow-up. Four patients underwent stimulation for IG, one for femoral neuralgia, and another for GF neuralgia. Peripheral nerve stimulation provided at least 50% pain relief in all the six patients with post-intervention inguinal region pain. 85% of patients indicated they were completely satisfied with the therapy overall. There was one treatment failure with an acceptable complication rate. Conclusion: Peripheral nerve or field stimulation for post-intervention inguinal region pain is a safe and effective treatment for this refractory and complex problem for patients who have exhausted other management options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-636
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Neurosurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Neurosurgical Foundation.


  • Genitofemoral neuralgia
  • inguinal neuralgia
  • inguinal pain
  • peripheral nerve stimulation
  • testicular pain


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