SAFL Baffle retrofit for suspended sediment removal in storm sewer sumps

Adam Howard, Omid Mohseni, John Gulliver, Heinz Stefan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Standard sumps (manholes) provide a location for pipe junctions and maintenance access in stormwater drainage systems. Standard sumps can also remove sand and silt particles from stormwater, but have a high propensity for washout of the collected sediment. With appropriate maintenance these sumps may qualify as a stormwater best management practice (BMP) device for the removal of suspended sediment from stormwater runoff. To decrease the maintenance frequency and prevent standard sumps from becoming a source of suspended sediment under high flow conditions, a porous baffle, named the SAFL Baffle, has been designed and tested as a retrofit to the sump. Multiple configurations with varying percent open area and different angles of attack were evaluated in scale models. An optimum configuration was then constructed at the prototype scale and evaluated for both removal efficiency and washout. Results obtained with the retrofit indicate that with the right baffle dimensions and porosity, sediment washout from the sump at high flow rates can be almost eliminated, and removal efficiency can be significantly increased at low flow rates. Removal efficiency and washout functions have been developed for standard sumps retrofitted with the SAFL Baffle. The results of this research provide a new, versatile stormwater treatment device and implemented new washout and removal efficiency testing procedures that will improve research and development of stormwater treatment devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5895-5904
Number of pages10
JournalWater Research
Issue number18
StatePublished - Nov 15 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was funded by the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) . Barbara Loida was the Technical Liaison for MnDOT. We would like to thank Benjamin Plante, Patrick Brokamp, Teigan Gulliver, Kurt McIntire, Andrew Sander, Mike Plante, Andrew Fyten, Matthew Lueker, and Benjamin Erickson for assisting with the construction of the experimental setup, data collection and laboratory analysis of sediment samples.


  • Best management practices
  • Resuspension
  • Sediment
  • Settling
  • Stormwater
  • Sumps
  • Testing


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