Safety-related guidelines for time-of-day changes in left-turn phasing

Gary A. Davis, Vahid Moshtagh, John Hourdos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The goal of this research was to develop safety-related guidelines for timeof-day use of permissive left-turn phasing that could be implemented with flashing yellow arrows. This effort required describing the variation in left-turn crash risk throughout a representative day and was accomplished by developing statistical models that related the hourly risk on an approach to left-turn demand, opposing traffc volume, and a classifcation of the approach with respect to operational and geometric features. The models were then embedded in a spreadsheet tool that allowed signal operators to enter-for a candidate intersection approach-a turning movement count and a classifcation of the approach according to speed limit, left-turn protection, and sight distance availability. The user receives a prediction of how the risk of left-turn crash occurrence varies throughout the day, relative to a user-specifed reference condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-107
Number of pages8
JournalTransportation Research Record
StatePublished - 2016


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