Two S-antigen-specific rat T cell lines expressing the T helper cell surface phenotype (W 3/25+, OX 8-) have been isolated from the spleen and lymph node cells of retinal S-antigen-immunized Lewis rats, one of which displayed neither clinical nor histopathologic signs of experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis. The other rat had recovered from severe experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis for 2 mo before isolation of the cell line. Both lines are specific for S-antigen presented by histocompatible antigen-presenting cells, and also respond in vitro to several of the peptides produced by cyanogen bromide cleavage of bovine retinal S-antigen. The lesions induced by the i.v. transfer of from 1 to 10 x 106 viable line cells involve the retina and pineal gland, as is found when Lewis rats are immunized with immunopathogenic doses of S-antigen. Histologic examination of the eyes and pineal glands revealed pathologic lesions typical of experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis, and consisted of marked infiltration of the retina and surrounding tissues and the pineal gland by lymphocytes and inflammatory cells. T cells capable of mediating autoimmune disease are clearly present and readily isolated from both asymptomatic and convalescent animals. No significant differences in specificity for the cyanogen bromide peptides of S-antigen or cell surface phenotype were found in the T cell lines isolated from these two rats, nor was any difference found in the specificity or titer of serum antibodies taken from the original rats for the cyanogen bromide peptides of S-antigen.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1986|