RRM1 and RRM2 pharmacogenetics: Association with phenotypes in HapMap cell lines and acute myeloid leukemia patients

Xueyuan Cao, Amit K. Mitra, Stanley Pounds, Kristine R. Crews, Varsha Gandhi, William Plunkett, M. Eileen Dolan, Christine Hartford, Susana Raimondi, Dario Campana, James Downing, Jeffrey E. Rubnitz, Raul C. Ribeiro, Jatinder K. Lamba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Background: Ribonucleotide reductase catalyzes an essential step in the cellular production of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates and has been associated with clinical outcome in cancer patients receiving nucleoside analog-based chemotherapy. Materials & methods: In the current study, we sequenced the genes RRM1 and RRM2 in genomic DNA from HapMap cell lines with European (Utah residents with northern and western European ancestry [CEU]; n = 90) or African (Yoruba people in Ibadan, Nigeria [YRI]; n = 90) ancestry. Results: We identified 44 genetic variants including eight coding SNPs in RRM1 and 15 SNPs including one coding SNP in RRM2. RRM1 and RRM2 mRNA expression levels were significantly correlated with each other in both CEU and YRI lymphoblast cell lines, and in leukemic blasts from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (AML97, n = 89; AML02, n = 187). Additionally, RRM1 expression was higher among patient features indicative of a high relapse hazard. We evaluated SNPs within the RRM1 and RRM2 genes in the HapMap lymphoblast cell lines from CEU and YRI panels for association with expression and cytarabine chemosensitivity. SNPs of potential significance were further evaluated in AML patients. RRM1 SNPs rs1042919 (which occurs in linkage disequilbrium with multiple other SNPs) and promoter SNP rs1561876 were associated with intracellular 1-β-d-arabinofuranosyl-CTP levels, response after remission induction therapy, risk of relapse and overall survival in AML patients receiving cytarabine and cladribine. Conclusion: These results suggest that SNPs within ribonucleotide reductase might be helpful predictive markers of response to nucleoside analogs and should be further validated in larger cohorts. Original submitted 2 April 2013; Revision submitted 8 July 201.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1449-1466
Number of pages18
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 2013


  • HapMap
  • cytarabine
  • leukemia
  • nucleoside analogs
  • pharmacogenomics
  • ribonucleotide reductase


Dive into the research topics of 'RRM1 and RRM2 pharmacogenetics: Association with phenotypes in HapMap cell lines and acute myeloid leukemia patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this