Round window membrane permeability to human serum albumin in antigen-induced otitis media

Yukiyoshi Hamaguchi, Tetsuo Morizono, Steven K. Juhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The round window membrane (RWM) permeability to human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated in both normal chinchillas and chinchillas sensitized with HSA. The effect of a corticosteroid agent (triamcinolone) on the RWM permeability was also analyzed. It was found that HSA could not be detected in either the perilymph or the cerebrospinal fluid of normal chinchillas within 1 hour after instillation into the middle ear bulla. Perilymph levels of HSA peaked 24 hours after instillation. In antigen-induced otitis media, the HSA level in the perilymph at 12 hours after challenge was significantly higher than that in normal chinchillas (P<.01) but it did not increase with the development of otitis media. A significant difference of HSA level in the perilymph of animals with and without steroid treatment was noted (P<.025 at 24 hours and P<.05 at 48 hours). It is concluded that little HSA passes through the normal RWM in a short time and that the RWM permeability to HSA increases in the early stage (about 12 hours) of antigen-induced otitis media. Corticosteroids can affect the RWM permeability to HSA by reducing the level of antigen-induced otitis media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

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