Root and shoot growth, seed composition, and yield components of no-till rainfed soybean under variable potassium

Fabián G. Fernández, Sylvie M. Brouder, Jeffrey J. Volenec, Craig A. Beyrouty, Raymond Hoyum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spatial soil-K availability for no-till soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] has not been studied extensively. We characterize soybean growth- and yield-component and quantify root parameters as a function of soil depth in K-stratified soils with 1 M ammonium acetate extractable-K ranges 60-290 at 0-10 cm increment and 50-90 mg kg-1 at the 10-20 cm increment. Shoots and roots (five depth increments to 50 cm) were collected during development and grain at harvest during 2 years. Soil K at or above the critical level (104 mg K kg-1) increased early-season leaf area and root K-uptake rates early and late in reproductive development. Greater number of seeds plant-1 increased yield for soils with K near the critical level. Soil-K above the critical level increased luxury K-uptake without improving yield, seed-K concentration and accumulation, or seed oil and protein concentration. Greater root length density (>41% of the total) in surface soil coupled with previous results showing greater water content throughout the season in surface soil compared to deeper layers illustrates K stratification caused by notill may enhance soybean K-uptake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-138
Number of pages14
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume322
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2009

Keywords

  • Growth and yield component analysis
  • K distribution in shoot
  • K stratification
  • K uptake rate
  • Root distribution in soil
  • Soil-water and nutrient uptake relations

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