Room temperature spin-orbit torque efficiency in sputtered low-temperature superconductor δ -TaN

Przemyslaw Wojciech Swatek, Xudong Hang, Yihong Fan, Wei Jiang, Hwanhui Yun, Deyuan Lyu, Delin Zhang, Thomas J. Peterson, Protyush Sahu, Onri Jay Benally, Zach Cresswell, Jinming Liu, Rabindra Pahari, Daniel Kukla, Tony Low, K. Andre Mkhoyan, Jian Ping Wang

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In the course of searching for promising topological materials for applications in future topological electronics, we evaluated spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in high-quality sputtered δ-TaN/Co20Fe60B20 devices through spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance (ST-FMR) and spin pumping measurements. From the ST-FMR characterization we observed a significant linewidth modulation in the magnetic Co20Fe60B20 layer attributed to the charge-to-spin conversion generated from the δ-TaN layer. Remarkably, the spin-torque efficiency determined from ST-FMR and spin pumping measurements is as large as Θ= 0.034 and 0.031, respectively. These values are over two times larger than for α-Ta, but almost five times lower than for β-Ta, which can be attributed to the low room temperature electrical resistivity ∼74μωcm in δ-TaN. A large spin diffusion length of at least ∼8nm is estimated, which is comparable to the spin diffusion length in pure Ta. Comprehensive experimental analysis, together with density functional theory calculations, indicates that the origin of the pronounced SOT effect in δ-TaN can be mostly related to a significant contribution from the Berry curvature associated with the presence of a topically nontrivial electronic band structure in the vicinity of the Fermi level (EF). Through additional detailed theoretical analysis, we also found that an isostructural allotrope of the superconducting δ-TaN phase, the simple hexagonal structure θ-TaN, has larger Berry curvature, and that, together with expected reasonable charge conductivity, it can also be a promising candidate for exploring a generation of spin-orbit torque magnetic random access memory as cheap, temperature stable, and highly efficient spin current source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number074206
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project is supported by SMART, one of seven centers of nCORE, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program, sponsored by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Parts of this work were carried out in the Characterization Facility, University of Minnesota, which receives partial support from the NSF through the MRSEC (Award No. DMR-2011401) and the NNCI (Award No. ECCS-2025124) programs. Portions of this work were conducted in the Minnesota Nano Center, which is supported by the National Science Foundation through the National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure (NNCI) under Award No. ECCS-2025124. We thank Javier Garcia Barriocanal and his team for X-ray diffraction assistance. We acknowledge the MSI at the University of Minnesota for providing the computational resources. P. W. S. is grateful to Adam, Michal, Piotr, and Dominika Swatek for informative and helpful discussion on spin Hall conductivity and its relation with the symmetry and electronic band structure.

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© 2022 American Physical Society.

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