Roles of monomer binding and alkoxide nucleophilicity in aluminum-catalyzed polymerization of ε - Caprolactone

Keying Ding, Maria O. Miranda, Beth Moscato-Goodpaster, Noureddine Ajellal, Laurie E. Breyfogle, Eric D. Hermes, Chris P. Schaller, Stephanie E. Roe, Christopher J. Cramer, Marc A. Hillmyer, William B. Tolman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The kinetics of polymerization of ε-caprolactone (CL) initiated by aluminum-alkoxide complexes supported by the dianionic forms of N,N-bis[methyl-(2-hydroxy-3-tert-butyl-5-R-phenyl)]-N,N- dimethylethylenediamines, (L R)Al(Oi-Pr) (R = OMe, Br, NO 2) were studied. The ligands are sterically similar but have variable electron donating characteristics due to the differing remote (para) ligand substituents R. Saturation kinetics were observed using [CL] 0 = 2-2.6 M and [complex] 0 = 7 mM, enabling independent determination of the substrate coordination (K eq) and insertion (k 2) events in the ring-opening polymerization process. Analysis of the effects of the substituent R as a function of temperature on both K eq and k 2 yielded thermodynamic parameters for these steps. The rate constant k 2, related to alkoxide nucleophilicity, was strongly enhanced by electron-donating R substituents, but the binding parameter K eq is invariant as a function of ligand electronic properties. Density functional calculations provide atomic-level detail for the structures of key reaction intermediates and their associated thermochemistries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5387-5396
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume45
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2012

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