Role of vegetables and fruits in Mediterranean diets to prevent hypertension

J. M. Nuñez-Cordoba, A. Alonso, J. J. Beunza, S. Palma, E. Gomez-Gracia, M. A. Martinez-Gonzalez

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43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Objectives: Several studies support the effectiveness of increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) to prevent hypertension. However, none of them have been conducted in a Mediterranean setting. The aim of this study was to assess the association between F&V consumption and the risk of hypertension. Subjects/Methods: A prospective Mediterranean study (the SUN cohort), including 8594 participants aged 20-95 years (mean, 41.1) with median follow-up of 49 months. Results: Analyses according to the joint classification by olive oil and F&V consumption showed a significant inverse relation between F&V consumption and the risk of hypertension only among participants with a low olive oil consumption (<15 g per day). Also, tests for trend were significant only in the low olive oil intake stratum. Conclusions: We found a statistically significant interaction (P = 0.01) between olive oil intake and F&V consumption. These data suggest a sub-additive effect of both food items.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)605-612
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2009

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    Nuñez-Cordoba, J. M., Alonso, A., Beunza, J. J., Palma, S., Gomez-Gracia, E., & Martinez-Gonzalez, M. A. (2009). Role of vegetables and fruits in Mediterranean diets to prevent hypertension. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63(5), 605-612. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2008.22