Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) acting through the tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) enhances neuromuscular transmission in the diaphragm muscle of adult mice, reflecting presynaptic effects. With aging, BDNF enhancement of neuromuscular transmission is lost. We hypothesize that disrupting BDNF/TrkB signaling in early old age will reveal a period of susceptibility evident by morphological changes at neuromuscular junctions (NMJ). Adult, male TrkBF616A mice (n=25) at 6 and 18months of age, were used to examine the structural properties of diaphragm muscle NMJs (n=1097). Confocal microscopy was used to compare pre- and post-synaptic morphology and denervation following a 7day treatment with the phosphoprotein phosphatase-1 derivative 1NMPP1, which inhibits TrkB kinase activity in TrkBF616A mice vs. vehicle treatment. In early old age (18months), presynaptic terminal volume decreased compared to 6month old diaphragm NMJs (~20%). Inhibition of TrkB kinase activity significantly decreased the presynaptic terminal volume (~20%) and motor end-plate 2D planar area (~10%), independent of age group. Inhibition of TrkB kinase activity in early old age significantly reduced overlap of pre- and post-synaptic structures and increased the proportion of denervated NMJs (to ~20%). Collectively these results support a period of susceptibility in early old age when BDNF/TrkB signaling at diaphragm NMJs supports the maintenance of NMJs structure and muscle innervation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by grants from National Institute of Health R01-AG044615 (CBM & GCS) and T32-HL105355 (SMG), and the Mayo Clinic.
© 2015 Elsevier Inc.
- Brain derived neurotrophic factor
- Motor unit
- Tropomyosin-related kinase receptor subtype B