Role of the rat in the transmission of porcine parvovirus.

R. Cutler, T. W. Molitor, T. E. Sauber, A. D. Leman

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2 Scopus citations


Rats experimentally inoculated with porcine parvovirus (PPV) shed virus in excreta from 3 to 21 days. Rats inoculated subcutaneously with PPV responded serologically with hemagglutination-inhibition titers (512-1,024). The PPV antigen was readily detected in lung and spleen 2 and 3 days after rats were inoculated and in liver and intestine, 4 days. The rats remained clinically healthy. Rats given PPV orally or in drinking water either with PPV-infected cell culture fluid or swine fetal homogenate failed to respond serologically to PPV, the exception being 2 of 4 rats exposed to swine fetal homogenate over a 5-day span. Pigs exposed to PPV-contaminated rat excreta, either by direct oral dosing or by contaminating the feed, failed to seroconvert. Pigs given (IM) PPV which had been isolated on cell culture from rat excreta did seroconvert. Results of these experiments indicated that rats became infected with PPV, but did so after systemic challenge exposure or prolonged oral exposure to highly infective swine fetal homogenate. Insufficient virus was shed by rats to cause susceptible pigs to seroconvert upon oral feeding--thus indicating that a minimal dose is necessary to ensure oral challenge. In a preliminary experiment, seronegative pigs given different doses of PPV orally showed a gradient level of serologic response and different rates of shedding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-496
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1982


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