Centrally mediated hyperactivity of the autonomic nervous system contributes to DOCA hypertension; however, the targeted peripheral vascular bed(s) remain unclear. We propose that if renal sympathetic activity is a factor in the development of DOCA-salt hypertension, then renal denervation (RDNX) should attenuate the hypertensive response. In protocol 1, uninephrectomized RDNX (n = 9) and sham-denervated (n = 6) Sprague-Dawley rats were allowed free access to 0.9% NaCl solution and 0.1% NaCl diet. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate were telemetrically recorded for 4 days before and 36 days after DOCA (100 mg/rat) implantation; sodium and water balances were recorded daily. Protocol 2 was similar except that saline intake in sham rats (n = 7) was matched to that observed in RDNX rats of protocol 1 for 30 days; for the last 10 days, the rats were allowed free access to saline. Before DOCA in protocol 1, MAP was lower (P < 0.05) in RDNX rats (99 ± 1 mmHg) compared with sham rats (111 ± 3 mmHg); however, heart rate and sodium and water balances were similar between groups. RDNX attenuated the MAP response to DOCA by ∼50% (ΔMAP = 22 ± 3 mmHg, where Δ is change in MAP) when compared with sham rats (ΔMAP = 38 ± 6). RDNX rats consumed significantly less saline than sham rats, and cumulative sodium and water balances were reduced by 33% and 23%, respectively. In protocol 2, a similar pattern in MAP elevation was observed in RDNX and saline-restricted, sham-denervated rats even when saline restriction was removed. These results indicate that the renal sympathetic nerves are important in hypertension development but that other factors are also involved.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||4 58-4|
|State||Published - Oct 2005|
- Deoxycorticosterone-salt hypertension
- Renal denervation
- Sympathetic renal nerves