The transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) plays major roles in inflammatory diseases through regulation of inflammation and cell viability. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS). It has been shown that NF-κB is activated in multiple cell types in the CNS of MS patients, including T cells, microglia/macrophages, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and neurons. Interestingly, data from animal model studies, particularly studies of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, have suggested that NF-κB activation in these individual cell types has distinct effects on the development of MS. In this review, we will cover the current literature on NF-κB and the evidence for its role in the development of MS and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This study was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health (NS094151 and NS105689) and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (RG5239-A-3) (to WL).
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- T cell
- experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
- multiple sclerosis
- nuclear-factor ?B