Little is known about the pathogenesis of human aural cholesteatoma, the most aggressive and destructive non-neoplastic disease in the middle ear, epitymanum and mastoid. As a result, there is no effective medical treatment for this devastating disease besides surgical removal. In the recent years, some important progresses have been made in the research arena regarding the driving force for the keratinocyte hyperproliferation, migration, aggressiveness, and self renewal in the cholesteatomal matrix. In this review, we will focus on the key issues in the pathogenesis of cholesteatoma and discuss what is known about these issues, what is unknown, and what needs extensive studies in the future.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Mar 2013|
- Inhibitor of differentiation protein 1
- NF-kappa B