A model system has been developed for exploring the requirements for activation of T cells by subcellular forms of Ia alloantigen. Lymph node cells from mice recently primed subcutaneously with viable allogeneic cells show strong proliferative responses in vitro to membrane preparations derived from cells bearing the appropriate I-region-encoded glycoproteins. This stimulation shows kinetics characteristic of a secondary response, with a peak at 24 to 48 hr. Primary responses to alloantigen-bearing membranes are weak or absent under these conditions. The predominant cell type involved in the secondary response is the Lyt-1+ T lymphocyte, and the major antigenic stimulus is the I-A subregion-encoded Ia glycoprotein. syngeneic Ia+ accessory cells do not appear necessary for activation to occur. Detergent solubilized reconstituted membrane vesicles also will stimulate primed T lymphocytes to respond by proliferation. The applications of this approach to the study of T cell recognition of antigen and the role of nonspecific lymphokines in T cell triggering are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1982|