Role of host plant phenology in host use by Eurosta solidaginis (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Solidago (Compositae)

S. T. How, W. G. Abrahamson, T. P. Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solidago altissima and S. gigantea were monitored in Minnesota (both host races), in Pennsylvania (S. altissima, sole host), and in a Pennsylvania common garden of both host plants from both sites. Greenhouse-grown S. gigantea were subjected to oviposition by Minnesota Eurosta to compare galling susceptibility. Minnesota hosts had more comparable growth rates and more intraspecific variability than the same species in Pennsylvania. S. gigantea growth peaked earlier and fell more rapidly than that of S. altissima for all populations, suggesting an earlier, narrower window of host suitability. Pennsylvania S. gigantea will support gall formation, but ramet growth rate was significantly less than that of Minnesota S. gigantea under greenhouse conditions, and Minnesota Eurosta strongly preferred Minnesota ramets to those from Pennsylvania. Variations in daily growth rate fluctuations between species may confound Eurosta's detection of suitable hosts. Results indicate a higher probability of a host shift occurring in Minnesota than in Pennsylvania and may indicate why colonization of S. gigantea has not occurred in Pennsylvania. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-396
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental entomology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

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