Role of DNA mismatch repair and double-strand break repair in genome stability and antifungal drug resistance in Candida albicans

Melanie Legrand, Christine L. Chan, Peter A. Jauert, David T. Kirkpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drug resistance has become a major problem in the treatment of Candida albicans infections. Genome changes, such as aneuploidy, translocations, loss of heterozygosity, or point mutations, are often observed in clinical isolates that have become resistant to antifungal drugs. To determine whether these types of alterations result when DNA repair pathways are eliminated, we constructed yeast strains bearing deletions in six genes involved in mismatch repair (MSH2 and PMS1) or double-strand break repair (MRE11, RAD50, RAD52, and YKU80). We show that the mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, and rad52Δ/rad52Δ mutants are slow growing and exhibit a wrinkly colony phenotype and that cultures of these mutants contain abundant elongated pseudohypha-like cells. These same mutants are susceptible to hydrogen peroxide, tetrabutyl hydrogen peroxide, UV radiation, camptothecin, ethylmethane sulfonate, and methylmethane sulfonate. The msh2Δ/msh2Δ, pms1Δ/pms1Δ, and yku80Δ/yku80Δ mutants exhibit none of these phenotypes. We observed an increase in genome instability in mre11Δ/mre11Δ and rad50Δ/rad50Δ mutants by using a GAL1/URA3 marker system to monitor the integrity of chromosome 1. We investigated the acquisition of drug resistance in the DNA repair mutants and found that deletion of mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, or rad52Δ/rad52Δ leads to an increased susceptibility to fluconazole. Interestingly, we also observed an elevated frequency of appearance of drug-resistant colonies for both msh2Δ/msh2Δ and pms1Δ/pms1Δ (MMR mutants) and rad50Δ/rad50Δ (DSBR mutant). Our data demonstrate that defects in double-strand break repair lead to an increase in genome instability, while drug resistance arises more rapidly in C. albicans strains lacking mismatch repair proteins or proteins central to double-strand break repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2194-2205
Number of pages12
JournalEukaryotic Cell
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Fingerprint

Fungal Drug Resistance
antifungal agents
DNA Mismatch Repair
Genomic Instability
drug resistance
Candida albicans
Drug Resistance
DNA Repair
mutants
Hydrogen Peroxide
genome
DNA
Ethyl Methanesulfonate
Methyl Methanesulfonate
Phenotype
Camptothecin
Fluconazole
Loss of Heterozygosity
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1
Aneuploidy

Cite this

Role of DNA mismatch repair and double-strand break repair in genome stability and antifungal drug resistance in Candida albicans. / Legrand, Melanie; Chan, Christine L.; Jauert, Peter A.; Kirkpatrick, David T.

In: Eukaryotic Cell, Vol. 6, No. 12, 01.12.2007, p. 2194-2205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{219f19150a30462fa7f5f9e7fc3b1ef6,
title = "Role of DNA mismatch repair and double-strand break repair in genome stability and antifungal drug resistance in Candida albicans",
abstract = "Drug resistance has become a major problem in the treatment of Candida albicans infections. Genome changes, such as aneuploidy, translocations, loss of heterozygosity, or point mutations, are often observed in clinical isolates that have become resistant to antifungal drugs. To determine whether these types of alterations result when DNA repair pathways are eliminated, we constructed yeast strains bearing deletions in six genes involved in mismatch repair (MSH2 and PMS1) or double-strand break repair (MRE11, RAD50, RAD52, and YKU80). We show that the mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, and rad52Δ/rad52Δ mutants are slow growing and exhibit a wrinkly colony phenotype and that cultures of these mutants contain abundant elongated pseudohypha-like cells. These same mutants are susceptible to hydrogen peroxide, tetrabutyl hydrogen peroxide, UV radiation, camptothecin, ethylmethane sulfonate, and methylmethane sulfonate. The msh2Δ/msh2Δ, pms1Δ/pms1Δ, and yku80Δ/yku80Δ mutants exhibit none of these phenotypes. We observed an increase in genome instability in mre11Δ/mre11Δ and rad50Δ/rad50Δ mutants by using a GAL1/URA3 marker system to monitor the integrity of chromosome 1. We investigated the acquisition of drug resistance in the DNA repair mutants and found that deletion of mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, or rad52Δ/rad52Δ leads to an increased susceptibility to fluconazole. Interestingly, we also observed an elevated frequency of appearance of drug-resistant colonies for both msh2Δ/msh2Δ and pms1Δ/pms1Δ (MMR mutants) and rad50Δ/rad50Δ (DSBR mutant). Our data demonstrate that defects in double-strand break repair lead to an increase in genome instability, while drug resistance arises more rapidly in C. albicans strains lacking mismatch repair proteins or proteins central to double-strand break repair.",
author = "Melanie Legrand and Chan, {Christine L.} and Jauert, {Peter A.} and Kirkpatrick, {David T.}",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1128/EC.00299-07",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "2194--2205",
journal = "Eukaryotic Cell",
issn = "1535-9778",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Role of DNA mismatch repair and double-strand break repair in genome stability and antifungal drug resistance in Candida albicans

AU - Legrand, Melanie

AU - Chan, Christine L.

AU - Jauert, Peter A.

AU - Kirkpatrick, David T.

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - Drug resistance has become a major problem in the treatment of Candida albicans infections. Genome changes, such as aneuploidy, translocations, loss of heterozygosity, or point mutations, are often observed in clinical isolates that have become resistant to antifungal drugs. To determine whether these types of alterations result when DNA repair pathways are eliminated, we constructed yeast strains bearing deletions in six genes involved in mismatch repair (MSH2 and PMS1) or double-strand break repair (MRE11, RAD50, RAD52, and YKU80). We show that the mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, and rad52Δ/rad52Δ mutants are slow growing and exhibit a wrinkly colony phenotype and that cultures of these mutants contain abundant elongated pseudohypha-like cells. These same mutants are susceptible to hydrogen peroxide, tetrabutyl hydrogen peroxide, UV radiation, camptothecin, ethylmethane sulfonate, and methylmethane sulfonate. The msh2Δ/msh2Δ, pms1Δ/pms1Δ, and yku80Δ/yku80Δ mutants exhibit none of these phenotypes. We observed an increase in genome instability in mre11Δ/mre11Δ and rad50Δ/rad50Δ mutants by using a GAL1/URA3 marker system to monitor the integrity of chromosome 1. We investigated the acquisition of drug resistance in the DNA repair mutants and found that deletion of mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, or rad52Δ/rad52Δ leads to an increased susceptibility to fluconazole. Interestingly, we also observed an elevated frequency of appearance of drug-resistant colonies for both msh2Δ/msh2Δ and pms1Δ/pms1Δ (MMR mutants) and rad50Δ/rad50Δ (DSBR mutant). Our data demonstrate that defects in double-strand break repair lead to an increase in genome instability, while drug resistance arises more rapidly in C. albicans strains lacking mismatch repair proteins or proteins central to double-strand break repair.

AB - Drug resistance has become a major problem in the treatment of Candida albicans infections. Genome changes, such as aneuploidy, translocations, loss of heterozygosity, or point mutations, are often observed in clinical isolates that have become resistant to antifungal drugs. To determine whether these types of alterations result when DNA repair pathways are eliminated, we constructed yeast strains bearing deletions in six genes involved in mismatch repair (MSH2 and PMS1) or double-strand break repair (MRE11, RAD50, RAD52, and YKU80). We show that the mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, and rad52Δ/rad52Δ mutants are slow growing and exhibit a wrinkly colony phenotype and that cultures of these mutants contain abundant elongated pseudohypha-like cells. These same mutants are susceptible to hydrogen peroxide, tetrabutyl hydrogen peroxide, UV radiation, camptothecin, ethylmethane sulfonate, and methylmethane sulfonate. The msh2Δ/msh2Δ, pms1Δ/pms1Δ, and yku80Δ/yku80Δ mutants exhibit none of these phenotypes. We observed an increase in genome instability in mre11Δ/mre11Δ and rad50Δ/rad50Δ mutants by using a GAL1/URA3 marker system to monitor the integrity of chromosome 1. We investigated the acquisition of drug resistance in the DNA repair mutants and found that deletion of mre11Δ/mre11Δ, rad50Δ/rad50Δ, or rad52Δ/rad52Δ leads to an increased susceptibility to fluconazole. Interestingly, we also observed an elevated frequency of appearance of drug-resistant colonies for both msh2Δ/msh2Δ and pms1Δ/pms1Δ (MMR mutants) and rad50Δ/rad50Δ (DSBR mutant). Our data demonstrate that defects in double-strand break repair lead to an increase in genome instability, while drug resistance arises more rapidly in C. albicans strains lacking mismatch repair proteins or proteins central to double-strand break repair.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37549057681&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37549057681&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1128/EC.00299-07

DO - 10.1128/EC.00299-07

M3 - Article

C2 - 17965250

AN - SCOPUS:37549057681

VL - 6

SP - 2194

EP - 2205

JO - Eukaryotic Cell

JF - Eukaryotic Cell

SN - 1535-9778

IS - 12

ER -