Role of Consolidative Radiation Therapy After Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma

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Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the role of the addition of consolidative radiation therapy after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Methods and Materials Medical records were reviewed from a total of 80 consecutive patients who underwent high-dose chemotherapy with AHCT treated under a single protocol at University of Minnesota between November 2005 and January 2014. Of these, 32 patients received radiation therapy after AHCT as planned consolidation. Results At a median follow-up of 25 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for the entire cohort was 96% and 52%, respectively. Consolidative radiation therapy was found to significantly improve the 2-year PFS (67% vs 42%, P<.01) without a significant change in OS (100% vs 93%, P=.15). On subgroup analysis, consolidative radiation therapy was shown to improve PFS in patients with bulky disease (62% vs 39%, P=.02), B-symptoms (48% vs 28%, P=.05), primary refractory disease (47% vs 32%, P=.02), and those with a partial response on pretransplant imaging (47% vs 32%, P=.02). The improvement seen on 2-year PFS with consolidative radiation therapy remained significant on multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 4.64, 95% confidence interval 1.98-10.88). Minimal toxicity was observed among the patients receiving radiation therapy. Conclusions The addition of consolidative radiation therapy after high-dose chemotherapy and AHCT demonstrated a significant improvement in 2-year PFS and no impact on OS. Radiation therapy was well tolerated, with minimal toxicity. Our study supports a role of consolidative radiation therapy in patients with HL treated with AHCT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-102
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

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